Edward Brooke, III, was born in Washington, DC, on October 26, 1919. His father, Edward Brooke, Jr., was a lawyer with the Veterans Administration for over fifty years, and his mother, Helen, later worked for the campaigns Brooke’s policies. Brooke entered Howard University at the age of sixteen and obtained a B.A. He graduated in sociology in 1941. After graduating, Brooke joined the United States military. U.U. and left for abroad. Decorated with the captain of the 366th Combat Infantry Regiment in black, Brooke defended men before the military courts. During the Italian campaign, Brooke disguised herself as Italian, crossed enemy lines to meet Italian partisans, and clashed with Nazi and fascist troops.
Upon his return from the Second World War and his experience in litigation, Brooke enrolled at Boston University Law School and obtained the title of LL.B. 1948 and a master’s degree. A year later, except that he was editor of the School of orthography. While practicing law in Boston, Brooke began to seek political office. Despite good results in several races between 1950 and 1960, he was unable to win. However, in 1960, he was appointed president of the Boston Finance Commission, where he exposed corruption in many parts of the city. Because of his excellent work there, Brooke won the election as General of Massachusetts, becoming the first African American to hold this position in the nation. He remained in office for two terms, winning the U.S. Senate elections in 1966. UU., Where he was the first African American to be elected by universal suffrage, the first to be ambushed after reconstruction, and then the only to be re-elected.
During his first term in the Senate, Brooke spent a great deal of time on the Vietnam War, traveling to Asia on research missions. Upon his return, he asked the United States to stop using napalm. He also began to call for a cessation of trade with South Africa due to his apartheid policy. In 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed him a member of the National Civil Disorders Commission, which made recommendations that eventually took the form of the Civil Rights Act of 1968. Later, Brooke challenged the appointments of Richard at the Supreme Court. Nixon, Hainsworth, and Carswell, although he supported Nixon’s candidacy for president. Brooke later became the first senator to demand the resignation of Nixon. After leaving Congress in 1979, Brooke spent six more years in private practice before retiring.
Brooke has received thirty-four honorary degrees from the country’s most prestigious colleges and universities and numerous other honors, including the NAACP Spingarn Medal and the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit from the Italian government. In 2000, the Massachusetts Commonwealth dedicated a courtroom in his honor.
Brooke died on January 3, 2015, at the age of 95.