King Hannibal is claimed to be the best leader and strategist of all time. Hannibal was born in 247 B.C., during the start of the decline of Carthage, then a maritime power near present-day Tunis in North Africa. The Carthage population was a mixture of Africans and Phoenicians who were great merchants, trading with India, the people of the Mediterranean, and, therefore, the Sicilian Isles.
When he was very young, about 8 or 9, Hannibal accompanied his father Hamilcar during a battle against the Romans. Seventeen years later, in 221 B.C., he succeeded his brother-in-law Hasdrubal and have become supreme commander of the Carthaginian forces.
Hannibal had 80,000 infantry, 12,000 cavalry, and 40 African war elephants. He conquered significant portions of Spain and France, and every one of Italy, apart from Rome.
Hannibal marched his army and war elephants through the Alps to surprise and conquer his enemies. In one battle, the Romans, led by general Scipio, put 80,000 men on the sector led by Scipio to defeat Hannibal. When Africanus attacked together with his entire army, Hannibal had so studied the grounds that he arranged his African swordsmen and elephants to trample and slaughter them.
After killing thousands of Roman soldiers in a lengthy battle, Hannibal took his own life instead of surrender when he was overwhelmed by the more massive Roman army.